Submission Preparation ChecklistAs part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
- The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
- The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, or RTF document file format.
- Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
- The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
- The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.
Guidelines to Contributors
1.1 The Ethiopian Journal of Education (EJE) publishes scholarly articles based on work in education and related areas.
1.2 Besides original research articles, EJE publishes literature reviews, theoretical articles, methodological articles, book reviews, dissertation and thesis abstracts, synopsis of major research, short communications, commentaries(comments on articles published in the Journal), and other relevant issues in the area of education.
2. Style and Format Before submitting the manuscripts for publication in EJE, contributors should pay attention to the general format of scientific papers and the following specific requirements:
2.1 Title Page
2.1.1 The following should appear on the Title Page:
- The full title of the article;
- The name(s) of the author(s);
- The title(s), academic rank(s) affiliation(s) of the author(s) referred to at the bottom of the page with an asterisk if it is a single author or numerical subscripts against each name if it is more than one.
2.1.2 It is the responsibility of the authors to declare the amount of contribution made by each of the contributors. When this is not indicated, normally, the following apply:
- Equal contribution is presumed when the names are written in alphabetical order, or
- The degree of contribution should be determined by the order in which the names appear, unless indications to the contrary are given by the authors.
2.1.3 All correspondences will be made with the author whose name appears first (unless indicated otherwise).
2.2 Length of Article
2.2.1 Manuscripts should not exceed 30 pages; including an abstract not exceed 250 words which should be provided on a separate page.
2.2.2 Manuscripts should be typed in Times New Roman, double-spaced on one side of an A4 type white paper. A space of one inch should be left on the left and right margins as well as at the top and bottom of each page.
2.2.3 Citation of Notes and References
2.3.1 All materials referred to or quoted must be acknowledged. Plagiarism is illegal and unethical;
2.3.2 Direct quotations should be as short as possible and should be reproduced exactly in all details (spelling, punctuation and paragraphing) as the original.
- Short quotations of four or less than four lines should run into the text and enclosed in quotation marks.
- Long quotations (i.e. five or more than five lines) should be set off from the text in a separate paragraph, indented (five spaces) and single spaced. Quotation marks are omitted.
2.3.3 References in the text should read as follows:
- Smith (1992,p.42) has suggested that.... or
- A study (Flanders, 1970, p.16) has argued that.
- Use et al. when citing a work by more than three authors. Example: Interaction analysis (Flanders et al., 1970) suggested...
- The letters a, b, c and so on should be used to distinguish citations of different works by the same author in the same year. Example: Daniel (1985a, c) recommended that…
- Only the first name of Ethiopian authors should be cited in text. For instance, Darge Wole cited as (Darge, 2000)
2.3.4 Essential notes should be indicated by consecutive subscript numbers in the text and collected on a separate page at the end of the text, titled Notes. Such numbered notes should be kept to a minimum. Numbered notes should be used to make clarifications about the references used, to include points left out in the text, or to add some items readers may want to know.
2.3.5 All references cited in the text and other supporting materials should be listed alphabetically by an author in a section entitled References and appearing after Notes. Ethiopian authors should be listed in alphabetical order of first name. Daniel Taddesse, for example, should be listed under D and not under T. Ethiopian names should be written in full in the References (i.e. first and second names) as they are given in the publication cited. Honorific titles such as Prof., Dr., Wzro,Wzrt, Ato, Dejach, , etc. should be avoided in citation or references.
A. Published Articles The following are examples of different entries in References.
i) from a print version, hardcopy Kremmer, L. (1978). Teacher’s Attitude towards Educational Goals as Reflected in Classroom Behavior. Journal of Educational Psychology, 70(6), 993-997. Ayalew Shibeshi (1989). Some Trends in Regional Disparities in Primary School Participation in Ethiopia. The Ethiopian Journal of Education, X(1), 25-51.
ii) from a database or website
Lieberman, A. & Mace, D. P. (2009). Making Practice Public: Teacher Learning in the 21st Century. Journal of Teacher Education, 61; 77. Retrieved from http://jte.sagepub.com/cgi/content/abstract/61/1-2/77
Note: The volume and issue numbers should be entered exactly as they are given in the journals cited (that is, either in Roman or Arabic numerals).
i) from a print version, hardcopy Perrott, E. (1982). Effective Teaching: A Practical Guide to Improve Your Teaching. New York: Longman Inc. Listing of several works by the same author should be in chronological order of the year of publication. Here is an example: Ryans, D.G. (1989). Characteristics of Teachers. New Delhi: Starling Publishers (p) Ltd. Ryans, D.G. (1972). Analyzing Teaching. New York: Macmillan Co. Ltd.
ii) from electronic version of print book: Shotton, M.A. (1989). Computer Addiction? A Study of Computer Dependency. Retrieved from http://www.ebookstore.tandf.co.uk/html/index.asp. Schiraldi, G. R. (2001). The Post-traumatic Stress Disorder Sourcebook: A Guide to Healing, Recovery, and Growth [Adobe Digital Editions Version].
C. Contributions in Books Philip, W.J. (1986). Life in Classrooms. In Norris G. Haring(eds.), Analysis and Modification of Classroom Behavior, pp. 13-17. New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, Inc.
D. Contributions in Proceedings Marew Zewdie and Fanta Suppa (1991). Attitudes of Teachers towards the ESLCE. Proceedings of the Workshop on Major Issues Related to the ESLCE and Possible Solutions, Nazareth 25-27 April 1991, pp. 235-257, Addis Ababa, Institute of Educational Research.
E. Conference/Seminar Papers Amare Asgedom (1990). Communication Theories and Instructional Practice: A Limited Effect Perspective. Paper presented at the First Annual Seminar of the Faculty of Education, 17-20 May 1990. Nazareth, Ethiopia.
F. Unpublished Works Tirussew Teferra (1989). The Psychology and Educational Problems of Handicapped Students in Addis Ababa University. A Research Report, Institute of Educational Research, Addis Ababa University.
3. Other Important Rules to Consider
3.1 Tables and diagrams: Tables and diagrams should be properly labeled and carefully drawn. They should have short titles. All footnotes to tables and all sources should be placed under the table. Tables and graphs should be numbered consecutively using Arabic number (1, 2, 3…). The caption of the table should appear at the top and that of graph at the bottom.
3.2 Section Headings: Major section headings must be centered on the page. Sub-headings must be aligned with the left margin.
3.3 Language: English is the language of publication. Sexist and racist language should be avoided.
3.4 Responsibility for Views: Any statements in an article accepted for publication remain the sole responsibility of the author and should in no way be construed as reflecting the opinions of the Editors or the Publisher of EJE.
3.5 Copyright Authors submitting manuscripts do so on the understanding that if their manuscripts are accepted for publication, copyright to the articles, including the right to reproduce in all forms and media, is the exclusive right of the publisher.
3.6 Originality of the Paper EJE publishes only original works. Manuscripts for concurrent consideration by another journal are not acceptable. Already published manuscripts should not also be submitted to EJE for publication.