THE ROLE OF GULLELE BOTANICAL GARDEN FOR BIRD CONSERVATION IN ADDIS ABABA, ETHIOPIA
Keywords:Bird diversity, Botanical garden, Relative abundance, Species richness.
This study was carried out to investigate the role of the Gullele
Botanical Garden for avian conservation. Data on bird species diversity and
abundance were collected during the dry (January to February 2021) and wet
seasons (July to August 2021). The study area was stratified into three
dominant habitat types namely nature reserve forest, modified scenic garden
and infrastructure development area. A stratified survey technique was
employed using systematically established line transects in the three habitat
types. A total of 90 bird species belonging to 12 orders and 37 families were
identified in the study area. Among the habitat types, the highest bird
diversity was observed in the modified scenic garden habitat (H’ = 3.54),
followed by the infrastructure development area (H’ = 3.29). Modified scenic
garden habitat had the highest species richness (67) followed by
infrastructure development area (58) and nature reserve forest (28).
Community similarity was high between modified habitat and infrastructure
development areas during the study. Gullele Botanical Garden supports two
endemic and 11 near-endemic bird species shared with Eritrea suggesting its
ecological importance in avian fauna conservation. This study is the first
detailed investigation regarding the diversity of bird species in the Botanical
Garden providing valuable information on the significance of managed
habitats with indigenous tree species to support different bird species.