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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, or RTF document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.

Author Guidelines

                              St. Mary’s University

            Journal of Business and Administrative Studies

                                   Note to Contributors

All inquiries and submissions should be delivered to the following address:

The Editor

Journal of Business and Administrative Studies (JBAS)

School of Business

St. Mary’s University

P. o. Box 1211



Original research articles that seek to explore issues in business and administrative sciences should be relevant and significant. Not only should an article explicate and expound what is known about a subject, but it should also reflect questions that are unresolved and deemed to be the focus of future research and of paramount importance to Ethiopian socioeconomic development.

Book reviews are either commissioned by the Editor or solicited reviews from professionals who are knowledgeable in business, economics and administrative sciences. The underlying purpose of book reviews should be to inform a wide readership what the book is all about, thereby inducing readers to decide reading the book.

Spelling: the Editor uses both Oxford and Webster’s dictionary. Authors are urged to use the former or the latter throughout the text as consistently as possible for their spelling.

Abbreviations and Acronyms: acronyms and abbreviations should be given in full when they occur for the first time, with the abbreviation being placed in brackets. Common abbreviations such as USA, UN, UK, NATO and AU need not be written out even if they first occur.

Hard Copy: Two copies of the manuscript should be submitted for both research articles and book reviews. Manuscripts should be typed in English and double-spaced on white A4 paper. All pages should sequentially be numbered. The preferred length is between 10 to 15 pages for research articles, and 3 to 5 pages for book reviews, and double-spaced. At times the length requirements may be waived depending on the nature, complexity and depth of the research.

Soft copy/E-mail Copy: Authors can provide copies of their manuscripts in soft copies by e-mail. Authors should ensure that the electronic version must exactly match the hard copy. JBAS will not accept an article that has been published in another journal.

Abstract and Title page: Articles should be accompanied by a 100-word abstract. The title should also appear on the same page. The author’s name and address should appear on the title page by way of footnote.

References: (see the following examples for listing the references)

Chapter in an edited book:

Boulding, Kenneth 1987. General systems Theory – The Skeleton of Science. In Shafritz, Jay, and Ott, Steven, (Eds). Classics of Organization Theoty. Chicago: The Dorsey Press.

Article in a journal:

Thomson, James 1956. On Building Administrative Sciences. Administrative Science Quarterly, vol. 1, no. 1: 102 – 111.


Esman, Milton 1991. Management Dimensions of Development: Perspectives and Strategies. Connecticut: Kumarian Press. If there are more than two authors or editors, use the first author’s or editor’s name followed by et al.

Example: Green et al (2005) found that the majority...

Or indirectly: Recent research has found that the majority of ... (Green et al 2005)

Corporate authors

Referring to a publication by an association, company or government department, the work is usually cited under the name of the body that commissioned the work:

Ministry of Education (MoE)

St. Mary’s University (SMU)

 It is acceptable to use standard abbreviations for these bodies, that is, MoE or SMU, in the text, provided the name is written out at the first citing within the text, with the abbreviation in brackets. Nevertheless, the full name is the preferred format in the list of references.

Some reports that are written by groups or committees can be listed under the name f the institute that commissions the work.


St. Mary’s University College (SMUC) 2006. Performance Criteria for Faculty Evaluation at St. Mary’s University College. Center for Research and Quality Assurance: Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (FDRE) 2002. Ethiopia: Sustainable Development and Poverty Reduction Program. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Internet documents (Name, Title, URL, date accessed):

World Bank Group. ‘Administrative and Civil Service Reform’. Available at: Accessed on 19 july 2002.


The standard method of citing legislation or act of parliament is by its short title, which includes the year followed by the official name of the organ in which the legislation is published appearing in brackets.

Proclamation on Higher Education 2004. (Negarit Gazeta). Addis Ababa: Ethiopia



Relevant year

Title of dissertation

Academic level

University, where the study was carried out

Richmond, Julia 2005. Customer expectations in the world of electronic banking: a case study. Unpublished PhD thesis, University of Kansas, Kansas.

Titles of unpublished theses and dissertations appear in normal (not in italics).

Note: Leaving the first line [where the name (s) of the author (s) appear] intact, all other lines should be indented in the bibliography/reference section.


Boulding, Kenneth 1987. General Systems Theory – The Skeleton of Science. In Shafritz, Jay, and Ott, Steven, (Eds). Classics of Organization Theory. Chicago: The Dorsey Press.

Note: Use endnotes for additional explanation in the text. The former are shown at the end of an article or book review and come before the list of the reference section, and are consecutively placed beginning with no. 1.


According to Ethiopian academic tradition, the first given names of Ethiopian authors appear in the intra-text citations. The list of references section (bibliography) should nevertheless provide first given names followed by the second names. The same shall be maintained in this Journal.


Dessalegn Rahmeto. 1984. Agrarian Reform in Ethiopia. Uppsala: Scandinavian Institute of African Studies.

Shiferaw W/Michael: 1989. The Law Making Process in Ethiopia. Faculty of Law, Addis Ababa University: Addis Ababa.


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