Urban Expansion and Its Impacts on the Life of Expropriated Farmers in the Outskirts of Nifas Silk Sub-City, Addis Ababa


  • Bethlehem Mengist


Expropriate, horizontal expansion, resettlement, outskirt, intervention


The objective of this research is to investigate how expropriating farmers due to nearby urban sprawl affects their income and expenses. To determine the association between expropriated and non-expropriated responses and income and expense, a literature study and empirical analysis were conducted. Also, the effects of expropriating farming lands and metrics for gauging these consequences were explored. A thorough questionnaire survey was conducted to identify the ex-propriated farmers and evaluate the average income and expense in both the treated and control groups. A total of 208 data points was obtained, of which 101 came from control subjects and 109 from treated ones. Both descriptive and propensity score matching are used to analyze the data and the relationship. Expropriated (treated) respondents' average monthly expenditure has risen. However, the average monthly income of expropriated farmers did not show a significant differ-ence because, even after receiving compensation, they were unable to use it properly and were forced to engage in unskilled and labor work in cities to generate income because they were una-ble to see alternative profitable businesses. Based on the findings, scaling up to resettle those ex-propriated farmers in other farming areas to continue their farming in the well-studied area and giving them essential training when they engage in city life and non-farming activities about how they generate income and how they should spend their money properly to avoid being extrava-gant, as well as the government or the concerned body giving attention to a policy of vertical ur-ban development that helps to minimize the expropriation of farmers, are also recommended.