The Impact of Remittances on The Welfare of Recipient Households in Addis Ababa: An Endogenous Switching Regression Model


  • Kindenew Mihrete
  • Zerayehu Sime


Remittance, Welfare, Endogenous Switching Regression Model, Addis Ababa


This study examines the impact of remittances on the welfare of recipient households using an endogenous switching regression model that controls for non-random selection bias. The estimation technique for this analysis is the move-stay command that implements the Full-Information Maximum Likelihood Method to simultaneously fit binary and continuous parts of the model in order to yield consistent standard errors. It uses primary cross-sectional data collected from 250 selected households in Addis Ababa. Household welfare can be measured with different outcome indicators, namely household income, consumption expenditure, and food expenditure, for both recipients and non-recipients of remittance. The findings revealed that remittances significantly improve household income, consumption, and food expenditures for recipients in comparison with non-recipients. The results also indicate that migrant remittances would have positive welfare effects for non-recipients, had they received any transfer. Overall, the findings show that remittances have positive and significant welfare effects, lending credence to growing arguments that the government, as well as other concerned stakeholders, should effectively collaborate with the Diaspora to ease the remittance sending process and cost, in order to better extract the welfare benefit of migrant remittances.