The Impact of Cooperative Learning on Students’ Paragraph Writing Skills: The Case of Third Year Health Informatics Students at University of Gondar


  • Muluken Abera Admasu Social Sciences & the Humanities at University of Gondar, Ethiopia. muluken


cooperative learning, independent learning, collaborative writing, components2of writing


This study looked into the impacts of cooperative learning on students’ overall paragraph writing skills and the writing components such as content, organization, vocabulary, grammar, and mechanics. To this end, a true experimental study in, which participants were randomly assigned to the control and experimental groups, was employed.
The participants of the study, who were selected purposively, were fifty-six third year
Health Informatics students at University of Gondar in 2018/19 academic year. The experimental group accomplished the writing tasks in groups of four, whereas the control
group completed the same tasks independently for six weeks. Paragraph writing tests
were given before and after the intervention and the scores were analyzed through SPSS.
The independent samples t-test result showed that there was no significant difference
between the two groups both in their overall writing and the components of writing. The
paired samples t-test result, on the other hand, indicated that both groups significantly
enhanced their overall writing, content and organization; however, none of the groups
got better in vocabulary and grammar and only the experimental group improved in mechanics. Therefore, it can be concluded that cooperative learning had no better impact in
improving students’ writing skills than the independent learning except for mechanics.
The investigation showed that the two approaches could be employed sparingly in EFL
classes, but cooperative learning may be advisable when the focus is on mechanics.