Survial Of Preterm Infants Admitted To Tikur Anbessa Hospital Nicu, Addis Ababa

  • Merertu Temesgen
  • Bogale Worku
  • Yonas Regassa


Abstract: Neonatal mortality accounts for about 1/3 of deaths < 5 years of age and preterm infant mortality for approximately 1/3 of neonatal mortality. Intervention programs must be based on reliable statistics applicable to the local setting.
Objectives: The objective of this study is to identify factors associated with survival of preterm infants among preterm infants admitted to Tikur Anbessa Hospital Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU). This was a retrospective chart review of 397 preterm infants admitted from July 1, 2011 to June 30, 2012 G.C to the neonatal unit. Overall survival was 69.3% Survival of infants below 28 weeks of GA 40%, survival for infants between 28-31wks of GA is 54.5%, for those between 32-34wks of GA is 74.6% and the survival rate for late preterm infants(35-36+6days) is 100%.GA, birth weight, gender and place of delivery are among the factors associated with survival of preterm infants. This study evidently indicates that the survival rate of preterm infants admitted to TAH is lower than other developing countries that must be improved.


Download data is not yet available.


World Health Organization. 2010. The worldwide incidence of preterm birth: a systematic review of maternal mortality and morbidity. Bulletin of World Health Organization 2010 (88):31–38 2. International classification of diseases and related health problems. 1992. 10th revision. World Health Organization, Geneva.
3. Huddy CL, Johnson A, Hope PL. 2001.Educational and behavioral problems in babies of 32–35 weeks gestation. Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed 2001 (85): 23-28.
4. Wang ML, Dorer DJ, Fleming MP, Catlin EA. 2004. Clinical outcomes of near-term infants. Journal of American Academy of Pediatrics.2004 (114) 372-6.
5. Petrou S. The economic consequences of preterm birth during the first 10 years of life. BJOG 2005;112(1)10-15. 6. Petrou S, Mehta Z, Hockley C, Cook-Mozaffari P, Henderson J, Goldacre M. 2003.The impact of preterm birth on hospital inpatient admissions and costs during the first 5 years of life. Journal of American Academy of Pediatrics 2003 (112):1290-7. 7. Lawn JE, Wilczynska-Ketende K, Cousens SN.Estimating the causes of 4 million neonatal deaths in the year 2000.Int J Epidemiol2006;35:706-18. 8. Lawn JE, Cousens SN, Darmstadt GL, Bhutta ZA, Martines J, Paul V, et al. 1 year after The Lancet Neonatal Survival Series — was the call for action heard? Lancet 2006;367:1541-7. 9. Goldenberg RL, Culhane JF, Iams JD, Romero R (2008). "Epidemiology and causes of preterm birth". The Lancet 371 (9606): 75–84. 10. PeriStats [online database]. White Plains, NY: March of Dimes; 2006. Available from:
How to Cite
TEMESGEN, Merertu; WORKU, Bogale; REGASSA, Yonas. Survial Of Preterm Infants Admitted To Tikur Anbessa Hospital Nicu, Addis Ababa. Ethiopian Journal of Pediatrics and Child Health, [S.l.], v. 10, n. 10, p. 68-78, feb. 2014. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 25 sep. 2020.
Please advise your journal citation style before using the above citation format, you can also find your citation style from citation formats listed down.