Coping Strategies used by Teachers and Students at Addis Ababa University


  • Bekalu Atnafu Taye Assistant Professor at Addis Ababa Science and Technology University


Anxiety and language learning are highly interwoven. It is obvious that for
many students language courses are the most anxiety-provoking courses they take
(Kondo & Ying-Ling, 2004). This happened due to the fact that language classes are
interactive and students are asked to reveal themselves in a way which seems to be very
threatening. In view of this, it is imperative for teachers to understand the existence of
anxiety in language classes and the coping strategies used by teachers and students.
Thus, the objective of this study is to figure out the coping strategies employed by both
students and teachers. The participants of the study were both teachers and students
drawn from the English Department at Addis Ababa University. The study was completely
qualitative and it used interview and focus group discussion for data collection. The
results of the study portrayed that students used avoiding participation and shortening
presentation as mechanisms to reduce anxiety whereas teachers employed strategies
such as forming close proximity with students, grouping students, brainstorming, giving
extra time, briefing about mistakes and making learning resources available to reduce
anxiety. Furthermore, other coping strategies have been suggested based on the findings
of the study.