Household illness prevalence and its determinants in the under-five children
Objective: To determine the household illness prevalence and their risk factors in the under-fives. Methods: A cross-sectional community based house--to-house survey was conducted on randomly selected one urban and nine rural villages in Dabat district, North Western Ethiopia.
Results: Out of the 457 under-five children enrolled in the study 154 (33.7%) had symptoms of illness two weeks prior to the study day. The most frequently occurring symptoms were fever (n=113), cough (n=57) and diarrhea (n=52). Increased frequency of symptoms of disease was found in children below 12 months of age (p =0.005), with lack of history of vegetable consumption (p=0.0005) and with mid-upper arm circumference of less than 13.5 ems (p =0.004). Only 16.2% (n-26) of those with symptoms sought medical advice.
Conclusions: Household intervention programs targeting the frequently seen illnesses and their risk factors are suggested to reduce burden of disease in the under-fives. [Ethiop. J. Health Dev. 2001;15(3):173-178]