Growth, Light Interception, Radiation Use Efficiency and Productivity of Mungbean [Vigna Radiata (L.) Wilczek] (Fabaceae) Cultivars as Influenced by Sowing Date


  • Fanuel Laekemariam Department of Plant Science, Wolaita Sodo University
  • Walelign Worku School of Plant and Horticultural Sciences


Dry matter, Leaf area index, Moisture, Mungbean, Yield components.


The purpose of this study was to assess the influence of
sowing date on growth, light interception, radiation use efficiency and
productivity of mungbean cultivars. The experiment comprised four sowing
dates at ten days interval, viz. 08, 18, 28 July and 07 August 2006 and two
cultivars, viz. Gofa local and MH-97-6. A randomized complete block design
with three replications was used. Early sown plants on 8th of July had
extended duration to attain physiological maturity, larger leaf area index
(LAI) and greater dry matter accumulation. Moreover, early sown plants
exceeded in amount of light interception, radiation use efficiency (RUE) and
grain yield compared to the late sown ones. The RUE values were 1.74, 1.38,
1.28 and 1.10 g DM MJ-1 for the first, second, third and fourth sowing dates,
respectively. The decline in yield of last sown mungbean compared to first
sowing was about 2% per day of delayed sowing. Cultivar MH-97-6
exceeded Gofa local in LAI and total dry matter. However, their differences
in cumulative intercepted PAR, RUE and grain yield were not statistically
significant. Grain yield was significantly correlated with growth period
moisture (r=0.95), cumulative intercepted light (r=0.98), RUE (r=0.96) and
LAI (r=0.82). Early July sowing gave superior performance among tested
sowing dates of the main cropping season (meher). However, owing to the
crop’s short growth duration, it is worthwhile to do further research by
including other sowing dates of the short rainy season (belg).