Artificial Propagation of Clarias gariepinus (Burchell, 1822) in Aquaria

  • Belay Abdissa
  • Seble Getahun
  • Alayu Yalew

Abstract

Induced spawning of the African catfish (Clarias gariepinus) was successfully carried out using natural hormone (homoplastic hormone-pituitary extract from Clarias gariepinus). The study which was carried out at Bahir Dar Fisheries and Other Aquatic Life Research Centre lasted 78 days (June to October). Three gravid females and three mature males of C. gariepinus (weight range of 305 to 1035 g) were used for the study. In all, three trials were carried out in glass aquaria with 50 litre volume. The spawning fecundity of the three C. gariepinus injected with catfish pituitary extract varied from 43,456 to 75,460 with mean fecundity value 54,572. The mean percentage fertilization, hatching rate and survival rate of the eggs were 81.5 ± 2.36, 87.13 ± 0.13 and 87.04 ± 5.98, respectively. This study has shown that C. gariepinus can be successfully bred using pituitary of C. gariepinus with simple low cost technique using glass aquaria.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Adebayo, O.T. (2006). Reproductive performance of African Clariid Catfish Clarias gariepinus broodstock on varying maternal stress. J. Fish. Int. 1(1-2): 17–20.

Adewolu, M.A. and Adeoti, A.J. (2010). Effect of mixed feeding schedules with varying dietary crude protein levels on the growth and feed utilization of Clarias gariepinus (Burchell, 1822) fingerlings. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 5: 304-310.

Ahmad, M.H., Shalaby, A.M.E., Khattab, Y.A.E and Abdel-Tawwab, M. (2002). Effects of 17 α–methyltestosterone on growth performance and some physiological changes of Nile tilapia fingerlings (Oreochromis niloticus L.). Egypt. J. Aquat. Biol. Fish. 4(4): 295–311.

Busacker, G.P., Adelman, I.R. and Goolish, E.M. (1990). Growth. In: Methods for Fish Biology, pp. 363–387 (Schreck, C.B. and Moyle, P.B., eds.). American Fisheries Society, USA.

Clark, E.R. and Fraser, J.A.L. (1983). The survival and growth of six species of freshwater fish, in tap water and diluted and undiluted effluents from sewage percolating filters. J. Fish Biol. 22: 431–445.

Nwokoye, C.O., Nwuba, L.A. and Eyo, J.E. (2007). Induced propagation of African clariid catfish, Heterobranchus bidorsalis (Geoffrey Saint Hillarie, 1809) using synthetic and homoplastic hormones. Afr. J. Biotechnol. 6(23): 2687-2693

Rickter, W.E. (1973). Linear regressions in fisheries research. J. Fisheries Res. Board Can. 30: 409–434.

Schreck, C.B. and Moyle, P.B. (1990). Method of Fish Biology. American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, Maryland.

Sileshi Gadissa and Devi, L.P. (2013). Evaluation of spawning induction of African catfish (Clarias gariepinus) by heteroplastic hypophysation. Int. J. Fish. Aquat. Stud. 1(1): 22–25.

Verreth, J. and Den Bieman, H. (1987). Quantitative feed requirements of African catfish (Clarias gariepinus Burchell) larvae fed with decapsulated cysts of Artemia. I. The effect of temperature and feeding level. Aquaculture 63: 251–267.

Viveen, W.J., Richterm, C.J., Van Oodot, P.G., Janssen, J.A. and Huisman, E.A. (1985). Practical Manual for the Culture of the African Catfish, Clarias gariepinus. Section for Research and Technology, Ministry for Development Cooperation, The Hague, Netherlands.

Weatherley, A.H. and Gill, H.S. (1983). Relative growth of tissues at different somatic growth rates in rainbow trout; Salmo gairdneri Richardson. J. Fish Biol. 22: 43–60.

Zar, J.H. (1984). Biostatistical Analysis. Prentice Hall, New Jersey.
Published
2015-05-24
How to Cite
ABDISSA, Belay; GETAHUN, Seble; YALEW, Alayu. Artificial Propagation of Clarias gariepinus (Burchell, 1822) in Aquaria. Ethiopian Journal of Biological Sciences, [S.l.], v. 14, n. 1, p. 85 - 92, may 2015. ISSN 1819-8678. Available at: <http://ejol.aau.edu.et/index.php/EJBS/article/view/15>. Date accessed: 24 oct. 2017.